A TIMELINE OF AUSTRALIAN HISTORY

By Tim Lambert

c. 40,000 BC

Indigenous Australians arrive in Australia

1642

Abel Tasman discovers Tasmania

1688

William Dampier sails to Western Australia

1770

Captain Cook claims New South Wales for Britain

1787

A fleet of 11 ships sets sail from Portsmouth to Australia

1788

The first colony is founded in Australia

1790

A second fleet arrives

1791

A third fleet arrives

1793

The first church in Australia is built

1797

Merino sheep are brought to Australia

The 19th Century

1803

The first Europeans land in Tasmania. The first Australian newspaper is printed.

1804

A settlement is founded at Newcastle

Convicts rebel at Castle Hill

Hobart is founded

1808

The Rum Rebellion takes place

1813

A pass is discovered through the Blue Mountains

1817

The first bank in Australia opens

1824

The name Australia is officially adopted by the British Admiralty

1825

Brisbane is founded

1828

The first census is taken in Australia. There are 20,870 free settlers and 15,728 convicts.

1829

Berrima is founded

Swan River colony is founded

1833

Bathurst and Goulburn are founded

1835

Melbourne is founded

1836

A colony is begun at Port Adelaide

1840

Transportation to New South Wales ends

1850

Sydney University is founded

1851

Victoria is made a separate state from New South Wales

There is a gold rush in Victoria

1852

Transportation to Tasmania ends

1853

Melbourne University is founded

1854

The Eureka rebellion takes place

1860

Burke and Wills attempt to cross Australia

1861

The population of Australia reaches 1.2 million

1868

Transportation to Australia ends completely

1878

The first telephone call in Australia is made

1880

Ned Kelly is hanged

1892

Gold is found in Western Australia

The 20th Century

1900

The population of New South Wales is about 1.4 million.

1901

The Commonwealth of Australia is formed

1904

The first car race in Australia is held

1914-1918

The Anzacs fight in World War I

1917

A transcontinental railway is completed

1922

Queensland is the first state of Australia to abolish capital punishment

1927

Canberra becomes the capital of Australia

1928

The Commonwealth flying doctor service begins

1939-1945

The Anzacs fight in the Second World War

1948

Clothes rationing in Australia ends

1950

Petrol rationing in Australia ends

1951

Jean Lee is the last woman hanged in Australia

1954

Queen Elizabeth II is the first reigning monarch to visit Australia

1955

Eastern Australia is hit by floods

1956

Television begins in Australia

The Olympic Games are held in Melbourne

1958

The first nuclear reactor in Australia opens

1962

Indigenous Australians are allowed to vote

1964

The last hanging in South Australia takes place

1966

Decimal coins are introduced in Australia

1967

The last execution in Australia takes place

1975

The Governor-General dismisses the Australian government

1992

The Mabo Judgement is made. Unemployment in Australia stands at 11.3%

1993

The Wik Judgement is made

The 21st Century

2000

Over 250,000 people walk across Sydney Harbour Bridge as a symbol of reconciliation

The Olympic Games are held in Sydney

2006

The Commonwealth Games are held in Melbourne

A history of Australia

A timeline of Sydney

A timeline of Melbourne

A timeline of Perth

A timeline of Canberra

A timeline of Brisbane

A timeline of Adelaide

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