A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF CANADA

By Tim Lambert

1497

Jean Cabot sails to Newfoundland

1535

Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) sails into the St Lawrence River

17th Century Canada

1603

Samuel de Champlain (1567-1635) founds Port Royal

1608

de Champlain founds Quebec

1610

Henry Hudson discovers Hudson Bay

1642

The French found Montreal

1670

The English found the Hudson Bay Company

1685

The population of New France is about 10,000

18th Century Canada

1713

France is forced to recognize Hudson Bay and Newfoundland as British. They are also forced to cede Nova Scotia.

1740

The population of New France is about 48,000

1759

Wolfe captures Quebec

1760

The British capture Montreal

1763

The French are forced to surrender all their territory in Canada to Britain

1774

The Quebec Act allows French Canadians to keep their own religion and to keep their own criminal law

1775

Canada has a population of about 90,000. In November the Americans capture Montreal.

1776

The Americans retreat

1791

The Lawrence River Valley is divided into Upper and Lower Canada

1791-94

George Vancouver (1757-1798) sails along the west coast of Canada

1793

Alexander Mackenzie (1755-1820) crosses the continent by land and reaches the Pacific

19th Century Canada

1837

A rebellion takes place in Canada

1867

The Dominion of Canada is formed

1870

Manitoba is made a province

1885

The Canadian Pacific Railway is built

1896

Gold is discovered in the Klondike region of the Yukon

20th Century Canada

1918

Women are given the right to vote in federal elections

1919

The Winnipeg General Strike is held

1921

Agnes Macphail becomes the first woman MP in Canada

1933

During the Depression unemployment in Canada reaches 23%

1939

Canada declares war on Germany

1952

Television begins in Canada

1993

Kim Campbell is the first woman prime minister of Canada

1997

Confederation Bridge opens

1999

Northwest Territories is divided into two and a new territory called Nunavut is created

A history of Canada

A history of Calgary

A history of Edmonton

A history of Halifax

A history of Ottawa

A history of Regina

A history of Toronto

A history of Vancouver

A history of Winnipeg

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