THE TUDOR YEAR

By Tim Lambert

JANUARY

On 6 January 1540 Henry VIII married Anne of Cleves

On 7 January 1536 Catherine of Aragon died

Queen Elizabeth I was crowned on 15 January 1559

On 16 January 1547 Ivan the Terrible was crowned Tsar. He was the first man to have the title tsar.

On 18 January 1486 Henry VII married his wife Elizabeth. Fireworks were used to celebrate the wedding, the first time fireworks were recorded in England.

On 19 January 1547 Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey was beheaded for treason. Henry VIII died 9 days later.

On 23 January 1571 Queen Elizabeth I opened the Royal Exchange in London

On 25 January 1533 Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn

On 28 January 1547 King Henry VIII died. On the same day in 1596 Francis Drake died.

FEBRUARY

Scottish mathematician John Napier was born on 1 February 1550

The explorer Ferdinand Magellan was born on 3 February 1480. On 3 February 1488 Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias landed in what is now South Africa having sailed past the southern tip of Africa

Thomas More was born on 7 February 1478

On 8 February 1587 Mary Queen of Scots was beheaded

Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII was born on 11 February 1466

On 12 February 1554 Lady Jane Grey was executed

On 13 February 1542 Catherine Howard the wife of Henry VIII was beheaded for treason

Bess of Hardwick died on 13 February 1608. She was one of the great women of the 16th century. She rose to be very rich. She was also 80 when she died, which was very old for that era.

On 16 February 1547 Henry VIII was buried in St Georges Chapel in Windsor

Queen Mary Tudor was born on 18 February 1516

Nicolaus Copernicus the man who realised the Earth orbits the Sun was born on 19 February 1473

On 20 February 1547 King Edward VI was crowned

On 25 February 1570 Queen Elizabeth I was excommunicated by the Pope

The playwright Christopher Marlowe was baptised on 26 February 1564

MARCH

Amerigo Vespucci the great explorer was born on 9 March 1454

Henry VIII's sister Mary was born on 18 March 1496

On 21 March 1556 the Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer was burned as a heretic under Queen Mary

Queen Elizabeth I died on 24 March 1603

APRIL

On 21 April 1509 Henry VIII became king of England

On 22 April 1500 a Portuguese named Pedro Cabral discovered Brazil. He claimed Brazil for Portugal.

William Shakespeare was baptized on 26 April 1564. We don't know the exact date of his birth but in the 16th century it was normal for babies to baptized within a few days of their birth (because so many died).

Ferdinand Magellan was killed in the Philippines on 27 April 1521

On 29 April 1587 Francis Drake led a raid on Cadiz. He succeeded in destroying many Spanish ships.

MAY

On 2 May 1536 Anne Boleyn was arrested and sent to the Tower of London

On 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn was beheaded

On 20 May 1498 a Portuguese named Vasco Da Gama reached India by sea

The artist Albrecht Durer was born on 21 May 1471. He is famous for his woodcut illustrations.

On 29 May 1453 the Turks captured Constantinople ending the Byzantine Empire and beginning their conquest of southeast Europe.

On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII married Jane Seymour. Sadly she later died after giving birth, which often happened in those days because of their lack of knowledge of hygiene.

The great playwright Christopher Marlowe was stabbed on 30 May 1593

JUNE

On 7 June 1494 Spain and Portugal divided the world between them by the treaty of Tordesillas. All newly discovered land on one side of a line belonged to Spain. On the other side it belonged to Portugal.

On 9 June 1534 Jacques Cartier became the first European to discover the St Lawrence River in Canada

On 11 June 1509 Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon

King James I was born on 19 June 1556. He was the first monarch to rule Scotland and England.

On 24 June 1497 John Cabot discovered Newfoundland

The future Henry VIII was born on 28 June 1491

JULY

Thomas More was beheaded on 6 July 1535

On 8 July 1497 Vasco da Gama set sail on his voyage to India

On 10 July 1553 Lady Jane Grey was proclaimed queen of England. She lasted only 9 days and was later beheaded.

On 12 July 1543 Catherine Parr married Henry VIII

Anne of Cleves died on 16 July 1557

Thomas Cromwell was beheaded on 28 July 1540

AUGUST

On 3 August 1492 Christopher Columbus set sail across the Atlantic hoping to find a passage to Asia

On 22 August 1485 Henry Tudor won the battle of Bosworth. Subsequently he became King Henry VII.

Ivan the Terrible was born on 25 August 1530

SEPTEMBER

Catherine Parr died on 5 September 1548

Elizabeth I was born on 7 September 1533

On 9 September 1513 the English totally defeated the Scots at the battle of Flodden. The Scottish king was killed.

On 10 September 1547 the English totally defeated the Scots at the battle of Pinkie

On 12 october 1492 Columbus reached the Bahamas

On 14 September 1544 the English entered Boulogne. We held it until 1550.

On 18 September 1502 Christopher Columbus sighted Costa Rica

On 20 September 1519 Ferdinand Magellan set sail on a voyage around the Earth. Magellan was killed on the voyage but some of his men made it.

Anne of Cleves fourth wife of Henry VIII was born on 22 September 1515

Miguel de Cervantes was born on 29 September 1547. He is famous for his novel Don Quixote.

OCTOBER

On 4 October 1535 an English version of the Bible by Miles Coverdale was printed

On 6 October 1536 the bible translator William Tyndale was strangled and burned

On 11 October 1521 the Pope gave Henry VIII the title 'defender of the faith'. Henry later broke with the Pope but he kept the title. Well done Henry.

Edward VI, son of Henry VIII was born on 12 October 1537. He became king in 1547. Sadly he died in 1553 when he was only 15.

Jane Seymour died on 24 October 1537 shortly after giving birth to the future Edward VI

On 30 October 1485 Henry VII the first Tudor king was crowned

On 30 October 1534 the English parliament passed the Act of Supremacy making Henry VIII head of the English church

NOVEMBER

On 1 November 1512 the Sistine Chapel opened to the public

Martin Luther was born on 10 November 1483

On 14 November 1501 Catherine of Aragon married Prince Arthur, older brother of the future Henry VIII. Sadly Arthur died shortly afterwards.

On 15 November Thomas Wolsey was made a cardinal

On 17 November 1558 Elizabeth I became queen when her half sister Mary died

On 23 November 1499 pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck was hanged

On 24 November 1542 the English totally defeated a much larger Scottish army at Solway Moss

On 25 November 1485 Elizabeth of York wife of Henry VII was crowned queen of England

Margaret Tudor, sister of Henry VIII was born on 28 November 1489. In 1503 she married the king of Scotland.

Cardinal Thomas Wolsey died on 29 November 1530

DECEMBER

Mary Queen of Scots was born on 8 December 1542

On 13 December 1577 Francis Drake set sail from Plymouth on his journey around the world

The great Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe was born on 14 December 1546

On 14 December 1542 Mary Queen of Scots became queen of Scotland although she was only 6 days old

Catherine of Aragon was born on 16 December 1485

Henry VIII was excommunicated by the Pope on 17 December 1538

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