By Tim Lambert
A castle is built on the site Sheffield. Afterwards, a little town grows up in the shadow of the castle.
Sheffield Castle burns
The castle is rebuilt
There are cutlers in Sheffield
Chaucer mentions a Sheffield knife. The little town is already known for its cutlery.
Sheffield is the main town outside London were cutlery is made
Thomas Crowland leaves money is his will to found a grammar school
Sheffield has a population of 2,207
A Company of Cutlers is founded
A workhouse is built
During the English Civil War Royalists occupy Sheffield
Parliamentary troops capture Sheffield
Sheffield Castle is destroyed
The population of Sheffield is about 5,000
A boys charity school is founded
Earl Gilbert’s Hospital is founded
The road from Sheffield to Derby is turnpiked
The road to Leeds is turnpiked
Assembly Rooms are built
The first theatre in Sheffield is built. The population is over 10,000.
Sheffield is given its own silver assay office
Sheffield has a population of more than 31,000
Improvement Commissioners are formed to pave and clean the streets. The streets of Sheffield are lit by gas.
Cholera kills 402 people. A dispensary opens where the poor can obtain free medicines.
The first cemetery is formed. The Botanical Gardens open.
Sheffield is given a charter
Sheffield has a population of over 135,000
Sheffield gains a public library
Sheffield bans the building of back-to-backs (houses literally joined back to back). A dam bursts and the flood kills 240 people.
Horse drawn trams run in the streets
Ruskin Gallery is founded
Mappin Art Gallery opens
Sheffield Town Hall is built
The first electric trams run in Sheffield
The population of Sheffield is over 400,000
Sheffield university is founded
The first cinema in Sheffield opens
Sheffield is bombed by zeppelins and 28 people are killed
Graves Art Gallery opens
World War II
Bombing kills 589 people in Sheffield
Castle Market Shopping Centre is built
The Fire/Police Museum opens
Meadowhall Shopping Centre is built
Sheffield Museum of Popular Music opens
The Sheffield Supertram begins running
Sheffield City Airport opens
Millennium Gallery opens. The population of Sheffield is 513,000.
The National Ice Centre opens. The Winter Garden opens.
Millennium Square opens
The population of Sheffield is 547,000