A Timeline of St Albans

By Tim Lambert

20 BC The local Celtic tribe build their capital at St Albans

43 AD The Romans invade Britain. Later they take over the Celtic settlement at St Albans.

61 AD Boudica burns St Albans. After her rebellion is crushed the town is rebuilt.

304 St Alban, the first British martyr is beheaded in the town

429 St Albans is still going strong but afterward, Roman civilisation breaks down and the town is abandoned

Late 8th Century The Saxons found an abbey dedicated to St Alban. The nearby village is called St Albans.

Mid-10th Century The abbot enlarges St Albans and turns it into a market town

1086 St Albans has a population of about 500

1348 On the eve of the Black Death St Albans has a population of about 1,300. The main industry in the little town is making wool.

1455 During the Wars of the Roses a battle is fought in St Albans

1461 Another battle is fought in St Albans

1539 Henry VII closes St Albans Abbey

1553 St Albans is given its first charter

1556 George Tankerfield is martyred in St Albans

1604 St Albans suffers an outbreak of plague

1643 During the Civil War Parliamentary troops capture St Albans

1750 St Albans has a population of about 3,500

1802 A silk mill opens in St Albans

1824 St Albans gains gas street lighting

1868 St Albans is linked to London by train

1877 St Albans is made a city

1881 The first public library opens in St Albans

1899 The first museum opens in St Albans

1908 The first cinema is built in St Albans

1909 The first buses begin running in St Albans

1961 A new Civic Centre opens

1968 The Abbey Theatre opens

1988 The Maltings Shopping Centre opens

1993 A new Crown Court is built