A BRIEF HISTORY OF DOLLS
By Tim Lambert
Girls have played with dolls for thousands of years. Pottery dolls have been found in Ancient Egyptian tombs. Girls in Ancient Greece played with dolls made of baked clay or wood. Some of them had movable limbs. However when Greek girls grew up they dedicated their dolls to a goddess. Roman girls did the same.
Girls also played with dolls in the Middle Ages. 15th century German woodcuts show doll makers at work. In the 16th century wooden dolls dressed in miniature clothes were still popular toys.
The first dolls house was made in Germany in 1558. It was made for Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria. Dolls houses were popular with the wealthy in the 17th century and 18th century. However at that time dolls houses were not toys. Instead they were for display.
However in the 17th and 18th century girls continued to play with wooden or rag dolls. Wax dolls were also popular. At that time they were called toy babies and dolls houses were called baby houses. However by the 18th century they were called dolls. (Doll was originally short for Dorothy).
With industrialization in the 19th century dolls began to be mass produced. Rag dolls were still made so were wooden and wax dolls but in the 19th century dolls were often made of papier-mache or ceramic. From 1863 dolls were sometimes made of celluloid, a form of plastic. In the 19th century dolls houses became toys for children to play with. Meanwhile in 1823 Johann Maelzel made the first talking dolls. They said 'mamma' and 'papa'. In the late 19th century dolls prams were made. Kewpie dolls went on sale in 1912. After the Second World War dolls were commonly made of vinyl. Barbie dolls were invented in 1959 and Action Man went on sale in Britain in 1966.
Dunster Doll Museum opened in 1971.
A brief history of toys
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A brief history of children
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Last Revised 2019