A BRIEF HISTORY OF ELECTRIC APPLIANCES
By Tim Lambert
Who Invented Electricity? No single person invented electricity. Many people made discoveries and inventions. However in 1819 a Dane, Hans Christian Oersted discovered that electric current in a wire caused a nearby compass needle to move. The Englishman Michael Faraday (1791-1867) showed that a magnet can produce electricity. In 1831 Faraday invented the dynamo. Eventually in the late 19th century men invented all kinds of electric appliances.
Volta invented the electric battery in 1800.
The first practical electric blanket was invented in 1912 by Sidney I. Russell.
Electric Clothes DryerThe electric clothes dryer was invented in 1935 by a man named J. Ross Moore.
The electric dishwasher was invented by the Walker brothers in 1913.
The electric doorbell was invented by Joseph Henry in 1831.
The electric drill was invented by William Blanch Brain in 1889. But it was a heavy device. The first portable electric drill was invneted by Wilhelm and Carl Fein in 1895.
The electric fan was invented in 1882 by Dr Schuyler Wheeler.
The first practical electric fire was made in 1912.
FlashlightThe flashlight was invented by David Misell in 1899.
The electric hair dryer was invented by a Frenchman, Alexandre-Ferdinand Godefrey in 1890.
The first electric iron was invented in 1882 by Henry Seeley.
The first electric kettle was made in 1891.
The electric light bulb was invented by Joseph Swan in 1878.
As early as 1837 Thomas Davenport made an electric motor. However electricity was seldom used in industry until the end of the 19th century.
The first neon lights were made by Georges Claude in 1910.
Morse Robb invented the electric organ in 1928.
The first electric oven went on sale in the USA in 1891. They went on sale in Britain in 1893. By 1939 there were about 1 1/2 million electric ovens in Britain and about 9 million gas ones.
Who invented radio is disputed but by 1901 Marconi was sending signals across the Atlantic.
The first successful electric razor was invented in 1928 by Jacob Schick.
No single person invented the refrigerator. However the refrigerator for use in your home was invented by Frank W Wolf in 1913.
Electric Sewing Machine
The first electric sewing machine was sold in 1889.
The electric hand saw was invented by Edmond Michel in 1923.
The first electric toaster was patented in Britain in 1893 by Crompton and Co. The pop up toaster was patented in 1919 by Charles Strite.
The first cordless electric toothbrush was sold in 1961.
The electric telegraph was invented in 1837 by Sir William Cooke and Sir Charles Wheatstone.
The telephone was invented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell.
Television was invented in 1925 by John Logie Baird. The BBC began broadcasting in 1936.
The vacuum cleaner was invented in 1901 by Hubert Booth.
The first electric washing machines were made in 1907.
A history of furniture
A history of toilets
A history of English homes
Last revised 2020