By Tim Lambert
Her Early Life
Hildegard of Bingen was a writer in the 12th century. She was born about 1098 in Germany. Hildegard came from an upper-class family. She was one of ten children. When she was 15 Hildegard became a Benedictine nun. In 1136 when she was about 38 Hildegard became the abbess.
Hildegard claimed that she had visions from the time she was a child. What caused them is uncertain.
Her first book was called Scioto vias Domini or Know the Ways of God. Hildegard completed it in 1151. It covered a huge number of theological subjects including the Church, angels, the Trinity, and the end of the world. Hildegard also wrote a morality play called Ordo Virtutum (Order of the virtues).
Meanwhile, in 1148 Hildegard announced that God had told her and the other nuns to move to a new location at Rupertsberg near Bingen. They moved about 1150.
Hildegard the Scholar
As well as theology Hildegard was also interested in the natural world. Hildegard also wrote two famous books about medicine called Physica and Causae et Curae.
As well as being a great writer Hildegard was also a composer. She composed a cycle of songs called the Symposia. Hildegard was also an abbess and she had to cope with the day-to-day running of a convent. However, Hildegard only allowed girls from noble families to join her convent. In her view, it was unnatural for the different classes of society to mix.
Hildegard died on 17 September 1179. She was aged about 81 (very old age in those days). In the Middle Ages Hildegard of Bingen was an influential woman. Even today Hildegard is remembered as a great scholar and mystic.
There is a crater on the Moon named after Hildegard.