A Timeline of Women Scientists

By Tim Lambert

Early Woman Scientists

c 546 BC

Theano of Crotona a great woman mathematician is born

c. 150 BC

Aglaonike a woman astronomer lives

415 AD

Hypatia a woman astronomer and mathematician dies

c. 1100

Trota of Salerno, a famous woman doctor lives

c. 1200

Rebecca Guarna another famous woman doctor lives

1326

Alessandra Giliani dies. She was a famous anatomist.

1556-1643

Sophia Brahe was a horticulturist and astronomer

1610-1644

Maria Cunitz was an astronomer

1670-1720

Maria Kirch was another astronomer

1676-1707

Maria Clara Eimmart was an astronomer

1706-1749

Emilie du Chatelet a great woman physicist lives

1711-1778

Laura Bassi was a famous physicist

1716-1774

Anne Manzolini lives. She was an anatomist.

1718-1799

Maria Agnesi was a famous mathematician

1723-1788

Nicole-Reine Lepaute was an astronomer

1724-1766

Jane Colden was a botanist

1750-1848

Caroline Herschel, was a great woman astronomer

1776-1831

Sophie Germain was a mathematician

1780-1872

Mary Somerville was a mathematician

1799-1847

Mary Anning a paleontologist lives

1799-1871

Anna Atkins was a botanist

1818-1889

Maria Mitchell was a famous astronomer

1822-1907

Elizabeth Agassiz lives. She was a naturalist.

1831-1888

Rachel Bodley a famous chemist lives

1847-1921

Mary Whitney was an astronomer

1850-1891

Sofia Kovalevskaya was a mathematician

Modern Woman Scientists

1854-1923

Hertha Ayrton was a physicist

1857-1911

Williamina Fleming lives. She was an astronomer.

1858-1934

Elizabeth Britton a biochemist lives

1858-1931

Charlotte Scott a mathematician lives

1863-1941

Annie Cannon an astronomer lives

1867-1934

Marie Curie, the famous physicist lives

1868-1921

Henrietta Leavitt an astronomer lives

1869-1940

Maude Abbott lives. She was a cardiologist.

1878-1968

Lise Meitner was a physicist

1878-1951

Dorothea Bate a paleontologist lives

1879-1960

Agnes Arber was a botanist

1879-1960

Maud Menten a biochemist lives

1882-1935

Emmy Noether was a mathematician

1884-1982

Helene Deutsch lives. She was a psychologist.

1885-1952

Karen Horney, a German psychoanalyst lives

1896-1957

Gerty Cortia was a biochemist

1898-1980

Rachel Brown was also a biochemist

1898-1997

Katherine Esau was a botanist

1899-1994

Charlotte Auerbach was a geneticist

1899-1964

Roger Arliner Young was a zoologist

1900-1986

Honor Fell was a biologist

1902-1992

Barbara McClintock was a geneticist

1905-1993

Helen Sawyer Hogg was an astronomer

1902-1979

Sidnie Manton was a zoologist

1903-1976

Gladys Emerson was a nutritionist

1903-1971

Kathleen Lonsdale was a crystallographer

1906-1972

Maria Goeppert-Mayer was a physicist

1906-1992

Grace Hopper a mathematician lives

1909-1975

Marguerite Perey was a physicist

1910-1994

Dorothy Hodgkin was a biochemist

1919-2020

Margaret Burbidge was an astronomer

1920-1958

Rosalind Franklin was a molecular biologist

1932-1985

Dian Fossey was a zoologist

1934-

Jane Goodall is a zoologist

1935-

Sylvia Mead is a marine biologist

Last revised 2022

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