By Tim Lambert
1491 Henry VIII is born
1492 Columbus sails across the Atlantic
1495 Portsmouth Dockyard is founded
1498 The Portuguese reach India
Work begins on building the Mary Rose
Wallpaper is first printed in England
1510 The first Spanish settlers arrive in Jamaica
The Mary Rose is launched
The Portuguese reach Thailand
1513 The English win the battle of Flodden against the Scots. The Spanish land in Florida.
1514 The Portuguese reach China
1516 The Portuguese reach Vietnam
Martin Luther begins the Protestant Reformation
The Ottoman Turks conquer Egypt
Cortes conquers the Aztecs in Mexico
Ferdinand Magellan is killed in the Philippines
1522 The Ottoman Turks capture Belgrade
c 1525 Turkeys are first eaten in England. The symbol for square is invented.
In India Babur founds the Mughal Empire
The Turks defeat the Hungarians at the battle of Mohacs
1529 The Turks besiege Vienna but fail to capture it
The Portuguese settle in Brazil
Henry divorces Catherine of Aragon. He marries Anne Boleyn.
Pizarro conquers the Incas
In Russia 3 year old Ivan the Terrible inherits the throne
Henry VIII makes himself head of the Church of England
In Ecuador the city of Quito is founded
1535 In Peru the city of Lima is founded
The Pilgrimage of Grace. (An uprising in the North of England).
Anne Boleyn is beheaded
Henry marries Jane Seymour
An Act of Union unites Wales with England
1536-1540 Henry VIII closes the monasteries and confiscates their property
1537 Jane Seymour dies. Thomas Elyot invents the word encyclopedia.
1538 In Colombia the city of Bogota is founded
Henry marries Anne of Cleves but quickly divorces her
Henry marries Katherine Howard
The Irish parliament agrees to recognise Henry VIII as King of Ireland rather than Lord of Ireland
John Knox begins the Reformation in Scotland
The Turks conquer Hungary
The battle of Solway Moss. The English defeat the Scots.
Kathryn Howard is beheaded
Copernicus publishes his theory that the Earth orbits the Sun
Portuguese sailors reach Japan.
Henry marries Catherine Parr
Andreas Vesalius publishes The Fabric of the Human Body, which contains accurate diagrams of the human body
1544 Southsea Castle is built
1545 The Mary Rose sinks
Henry VIII dies
Ivan the Terrible takes power in Russia as he is now old enough to rule