The History Of Artificial Intelligence: Transforming Industries And Changing The Future
Artificial Intelligence (hereafter, AI) is used almost everywhere. But it is interesting how it all began. In its present sense, the term is a set of sequential actions by which a program learns itself. This industry is constantly evolving and has excellent prospects.
What Is Artificial Intelligence
Intelligence itself is a thinking ability. It has the following characteristics:
- it can adapt;
- it is capable of self-learning;
- acquired skills are actively used to build connections with the outside world.
Thanks to intellectual abilities, people think and analyze. So, what then is AI? It is a branch of science that studies and produces circuits that reproduce abilities similar to human intelligence: logic, reasoning, and learning.
When developing AI systems, specific programs and components are created. They will be able to solve various tasks independently without human involvement.
As the beginning of artificial intelligence changes, understanding the term is also evolving. Much progress has already been made in training many AI: the system itself can cope with several tasks.
Today there are two main directions in the development of this industry:
- cybernetics and neuromodulating;
- an approach with the help of logic.
The directions have several differences. Neuromodeling is carried out by studying neural networks and modeling experiments. When working with logic, systems are created that can recreate thinking, speech, and logic itself.
A Brief Look Back In History
The 16th century is considered the beginning of the history of artificial intelligence. At that time, a scientist from Germany, about whom you can learn more at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Schickard, managed to create the first counting device capable of independently performing simple arithmetic operations. At the same time, René Descartes proposed the theory that animals could be called thinking mechanisms. Therefore, humanity had to invent an intelligent machine.
American scientists first mentioned neural networks in 1943. The architecture was proposed a year later, which became the basis of all modern computers. And 7 years later, the famous screen test was developed, which asked you to guess what was behind it: a PC or a person.
A critical stage came in the 1960s. At that time, cyberneticians Pospelov and Tselin made a considerable contribution to the formation of this industry. A little later, the first papers describing AI experiments appeared. In 1965, a work by Eliza was also designed. The machine was able to communicate in English. In 1969, a new Sheki machine was created to talk and move around.
Breakthrough in the 80s and 90s
At this time, a whole new phase in AI development began. People began to explore artificial intelligence evolved and create more advanced machines that could conduct elementary dialogues and solve simple everyday tasks. At the end of the 1980s, Deep Thought software was released, defeating the chess player Bent Larsen.
The famous Soviet chess player Garry Kasparov had doubts about the program’s abilities. He suggested seeing if the machine could cope with writing a piece of music. In 1996 and 1997, the chess player had to play games against the AI, and one was lost.
Artificial Intelligence Capabilities And Trends
Since the 2000s, a lot of work has been going on to bring AI technology into computer games and the home. If you study Spin Samba casino review, you can find slots that use modern technology. The well-known “smart home” system also refers to artificial intelligence. Claims are made against the new technology that the algorithms can not work independently but only perform actions according to patterns. In the future, the creators plan to deal with these problems and make it so that the machines can learn independently.
The technology is used in the domestic sphere. City services have also begun to apply them. For example, a call to the doctor is available using a particular robot. Facial recognition is also part of AI. It is also being implemented in various applications developed for cell phones.
Which Countries Are Involved In The Development Of Technology
According to the consulting agency Frost & Sullivan, the market for artificial intelligence will be $53 billion by the end of 2023. The growth rate will be 31%. Experts say that by 2030, the global markets will increase due to the introduction of AI systems.
Many countries are allocating significant amounts of money to develop AI systems. For example, the USA allocates $5 billion a year. China is also interested in developing this area. There is a program drawn up back in 2017. Shanghai and Tianjin have approved investments of $14.5 billion.
This interest suggests that people will increasingly encounter artificial intelligence daily. It will be present everywhere: at home, in stores, at work, in transport. It will also affect the labor market. Robots will be able to replace bank workers, salespeople, and cashiers. They can also substitute those specialists whose work is related to mathematical research and statistics. But many people are confident that people won’t be out of work altogether, and new professions will emerge.
Robots cannot fully replace humans because they cannot express emotions; they have no consciousness or self-awareness. They also need to gain social skills.
There are several directions in the development of the industry:
- The closest approximation to human capabilities and introduction into everyday life;
- Creation of a natural, artificial intelligence that can solve human tasks.
The world’s scientists are developing programs that can reproduce everyday actions. But there has yet to be any significant progress in this direction. The companies are also developing this area, and the results are actively used in their work.
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Big companies are interested in the achievements made in the field of AI. For example, banking institutions actively use the latest developments. Medical and industrial enterprises also apply them. Artificial intelligence has also found applications in food production.