Tudor Astronomy

By Tim Lambert Nicolaus Copernicus In the 16th century and the early 17th century there were huge advances in astronomy. Peoples view of the universe changed completely. The first great astronomer was Nicolaus Copernicus. He was born on 19 February 1473 in the Polish town of Torun. An ancient Greek called Aristarchus (c 310-230 BC)… Continue reading Tudor Astronomy

TUDOR CHILDREN

By Tim Lambert Tudor Babies Many people born in Tudor Times did not survive childhood. Perhaps 25% of children died before their 5th birthday and as many as 40% died before their 16th birthday. When a child was born it was washed in warm water and then to keep it warm it was rubbed with… Continue reading TUDOR CHILDREN

TUDOR CLOTHES

By Tim Lambert Dedicated to Yvonne Shaw For rich Tudors fashion was important. Their clothes were very elaborate. For the poor clothes had to be tough and practical. All classes wore wool. However, it varied in quality. The rich wore fine quality wool. The poor wore coarse wool. The Tudors used linen to make shirts… Continue reading TUDOR CLOTHES

TUDOR FOOD

By Tim Lambert In Tudor England meat was a luxury. However, vegetables were cheap. Tudor vegetables included cabbages, onions, cauliflower, cucumbers, leeks, lettuce, spinach, carrots, and turnips. Brussels sprouts were grown in Europe in the 16th century but they were rare in England. Common Tudor fruits were apples, strawberries, pears, plums, blackberries, raspberries, and lemons.… Continue reading TUDOR FOOD

TUDOR HOUSES

By Tim Lambert In the Middle Ages, rich people’s houses were designed for defense rather than comfort. In the 16th century, life was safer so houses no longer had to be easy to defend. Rich Tudors built grand houses e.g. Cardinal Wolsey built Hampton Court Palace. Later the Countess of Shrewsbury built Hardwick Hall in… Continue reading TUDOR HOUSES

TUDOR MEDICINE

By Tim Lambert During the 16th century, there were some improvements in medicine. However, it remained basically the same as in the Middle Ages. In 1478 a book by the Roman doctor Celsus was printed. (The printing press made all books including medical ones much cheaper). The book by Celsus quickly became a standard textbook.… Continue reading TUDOR MEDICINE

TUDOR THEATRE

By Tim Lambert Early Plays n In the Middle Ages plays for ordinary people were often religious. They were based on Bible stories or were meant to teach the people Christian values. The actors were usually amateurs and plays were performed on carts or wagons. They were financed by craftsmen’s guilds. However in Tudor times… Continue reading TUDOR THEATRE