Tudor Children

By Tim Lambert Tudor Babies Many people born in Tudor Times did not survive childhood. Perhaps 25% of children died before their 5th birthday and as many as 40% died before their 16th birthday. When a child was born it was washed in warm water and then to keep it warm it was rubbed with… Continue reading Tudor Children

Tudor Christmas

By Wendy Pyatt Tudor Christmas Carols The earliest recorded collection of Christmas carols dates from 1521 published by Wynken de Worde and includes The Boars Head Carol. Carol means to dance with a song and carols flourished throughout Tudor times as a way to celebrate and to spread the message of the nativity. Other Christmas… Continue reading Tudor Christmas

Tudor Clothes

By Tim Lambert Dedicated to Yvonne Shaw For rich Tudors fashion was important. Their clothes were very elaborate. For the poor clothes had to be tough and practical. All classes wore wool. However, it varied in quality. The rich wore fine-quality wool. The poor wore coarse wool. The Tudors used linen to make shirts and… Continue reading Tudor Clothes

Tudor Education

By Tim Lambert In the early 16th century, many boys went to chantry schools. Rich men left money in their wills to pay priests to pray for their souls. After the religious changes of the 1540s, the chantry schools were closed. However many rich men founded grammar schools. Boys usually went to a kind of… Continue reading Tudor Education

Tudor Food

By Tim Lambert In Tudor England meat was a luxury. However, vegetables were cheap. Tudor vegetables included cabbages, onions, cauliflower, cucumbers, leeks, lettuce, spinach, carrots, and turnips. Brussels sprouts were grown in Europe in the 16th century but they were rare in England. Common Tudor fruits were apples, strawberries, pears, plums, blackberries, raspberries, and lemons.… Continue reading Tudor Food

Tudor Houses

By Tim Lambert In the Middle Ages, rich people’s houses were designed for defence rather than comfort. In the 16th century, life was safer so houses no longer had to be easy to defend. Rich Tudors built grand houses e.g. Cardinal Wolsey built Hampton Court Palace. Later the Countess of Shrewsbury built Hardwick Hall in… Continue reading Tudor Houses

Tudor Medicine

By Tim Lambert During the 16th century, there were some improvements in medicine. However, it remained basically the same as in the Middle Ages. In 1478 a book by the Roman doctor Celsus was printed. (The printing press made all books including medical ones much cheaper). The book by Celsus quickly became a standard textbook.… Continue reading Tudor Medicine

Tudor Theatre

By Tim Lambert In the Middle Ages, plays for ordinary people were often religious. They were based on Bible stories or were meant to teach the people Christian values. The actors were usually amateurs and plays were performed on carts or wagons. They were financed by craftsmen’s guilds. However, in Tudor times theatre became separated… Continue reading Tudor Theatre