The Minoans

By Tim Lambert  The Minoan civilization existed on Crete. It was the first European civilization. About 2,500 BC a sophisticated society grew up on the island of Crete. By about 1,950 BC the inhabitants had invented a form of writing using hieroglyphs. This writing is called linear A. The Minoans were a bronze age civilization.… Continue reading The Minoans

The Olmecs

By Tim Lambert The Olmec Civilization The Olmecs were the first Central American civilization. They flourished in the southern Gulf Coast of n between 1300 BC and 400 BC. The Olmecs influenced all the other civilizations that came later. So much so that they are sometimes called the mother culture. The Olmecs built the first… Continue reading The Olmecs

The Persian Empire

By Tim Lambert The Persian Empire was created by Cyrus II, known as Cyrus the Great (559-529 BC). Cyrus first defeated another Iranian people called the Medes, then in 547 Cyrus defeated the kingdom of Lydia (in what is now Turkey) at the battle of Pterya and he became the ruler of most of Asia… Continue reading The Persian Empire

The Phoenicians

By Tim Lambert The Phoenicians were people who lived in what is now Lebanon. They were a great trading people and they were at their peak between about 1200 BC and 800 BC. The Phoenicians lived on a strip of fertile land between the sea and the Lebanon mountains. With the mountains as a natural… Continue reading The Phoenicians

The Scythians

By Tim Lambert The Scythians were nomadic people. Their culture flourished in Central Asia between about 900 BC and 200 BC. The Greek historian Herodotus wrote about them but recently archaeologists have discovered more about them. The Scythians were formidable warriors. They rode horses and could shoot arrows from horseback. The Scythians also fought with… Continue reading The Scythians

The Sumerians

By Tim Lambert Sumerian Society Sumer was the world’s first civilization. It arose about 3,500 BC in what is now Iraq in the land between the Tigris and the Euphrates. A number of city-states grew up, each one ruling an area of the surrounding countryside. About 3,300 BC the Sumerians invented writing on clay tablets.… Continue reading The Sumerians